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Elster Englisch

Elster Englisch "Elster" Englisch Übersetzung

Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzungen für Elster im Online-Wörterbuch curatedesigns.co (​Englischwörterbuch). Übersetzung Deutsch-Englisch für Elster im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Vogel Elster" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "diebische Elster" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'Elster' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und.

Elster Englisch

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While in Berlin, Härlen received special attention, being interviewed by Heinrich Himmler, having an audience with Adolf Hitler, and being quizzed by Martin Bormann.

However, she did not help their cause, which was to find some fragment of evidence that Elser had not acted alone.

While in Berlin, Elser made five full-size drawings of the design of his bomb in order to persuade his interrogators that he was the sole instigator of the assassination attempt.

These drawings are referred to in the Gestapo interrogation report, but have not survived. Five days of torture, 19—23 November, produced the Gestapo Protokoll interrogation report.

The document was signed off by Kappler, Schmidt and Seibold for the "Kriminalkommissare". The report did not mention the interrogation of Elser's family members and Elsa Härlen in Berlin, as the report contains only the answers Elser gave to his interrogators.

On the vital question that he was the sole instigator, Elser had this to say:. I also had the intention, and considered in detail, to write from Switzerland to the German police to explain that I was the sole culprit in the assassination, no accomplice or accomplices have I had.

I would have also sent along an accurate drawing of my apparatus and a description of the execution of the deed, so that one could verify my claim.

With such a message to the German police, I just wanted to ensure that under no circumstances would any innocent person be arrested in the search for perpetrators.

When Himmler read the final report, he flew into a rage and scrawled in green ink on the red cover: "What idiot wrote this?

Discarding the interrogation report that found Elser solely responsible, Hitler proceeded to use the Bürgerbräukeller bombing for propaganda purposes.

On 22 November, German newspapers were filled with the story that the assassin, Georg Elser, had been funded by the British Intelligence Service, while the organiser of the crime was Otto Strasser.

He Hitler began to issue detailed directives on the handling of the case to Himmler, Heydrich, and me and gave releases to the press.

To my dismay, he became increasingly convinced that the attempt on his life had been the work of the British Intelligence, and that British SIS officers Best and Stevens, working together with Otto Strasser, were the real organizers of this crime Meanwhile a carpenter by the name of Elser had been arrested while trying to escape over the Swiss border.

The circumstantial evidence against him was very strong, and finally he confessed I thought it possible that the Black Front organization of Otto Strasser might have something to do with the matter and that the British Secret Service might also be involved.

But to connect Best and Stevens with the Beer Cellar attempt on Hitler's life seemed to me quite ridiculous. Nevertheless that was exactly what was in Hitler's mind.

He announced to the press that Elser and the officers of the British Secret Service would be tried together. In high places there was talk of a great public trial, to be staged I tried to think of the best way to prevent this lunacy.

On 13 November, Swiss authorities had expelled Strasser from Switzerland, after he was found to have made disparaging remarks about Hitler in a foreign newspaper in October.

The basement cells of the Berlin Gestapo Headquarters were notorious for the inhumane treatment of prisoners. It was rumoured Elser was kept imprisoned on the top floor until January or February Arthur Nebe told Hans Gisevius of Elser's frayed state during this period.

Gisevius wrote later,. Elser was just a shell of his former self because they the Gestapo had tried to squeeze information out of him by feeding him very salty herring and exposing him to heat, and then depriving him of liquids They wanted him to confess to some kind of connection, however vague, to Otto Strasser.

The artisan remained steadfast. Walter Schellenberg wrote of a conversation with Heinrich Müller , who told him,. So far I've always been able to break every one of these types that I've taken on.

If this guy had been treated to my beatings earlier on, he never would have thought up this nonsense. In a subsequent discussion, Hitler issued an order to Heydrich: 'I would like to know what kind of man this Elser is.

We must be able to classify him somehow. Report back to me on this. And furthermore, use all means to get this criminal to talk.

Have him hypnotized, give him drugs; make use of everything of this nature our scientists have tried.

I want to know who the instigators are. I want to know who is behind this. Three days later, Schellenberg heard from Müller that three doctors had worked on Elser for twenty-four hours, injecting him with "sizable quantities of Pervitin ", but he continued to say the same thing.

Four hypnotists were summoned. Only one could put Elser into a trance, but the prisoner stuck to the same story. The psychologist wrote in his report that Elser was a "fanatic" and had a pathological desire for recognition.

He concluded by saying pointedly: Elser had the "drive to achieve fame by eliminating Hitler and simultaneously liberating Germany from the 'evil of Hitler.

While at Berlin Gestapo Headquarters, Müller put Elser into a workshop and ordered him to reconstruct the explosive device he used at the Bürgerbräukeller.

When Reinhard Heydrich and Walter Schellenberg visited Elser in the workshop, Schellenberg noted, "He [Elser] responded to questioning only with reluctance but opened up when he was praised for his craftsmanship.

Then he would comment on his reconstructed model in detail and with great enthusiasm. Elser's reconstruction of his Bürgerbräukeller bomb was held in such high regard by the Gestapo, they adopted it into their field manuals for training purposes.

Twenty-one Jews were killed by firing squad and all Jews in the camp suffered three days of food deprivation. The Gestapo descended on the village of Königsbronn to interrogate the inhabitants, asking the same questions over and over for months on end.

The village was stigmatized as a nest of criminals and became known as "Assassinville". Elsewhere, everyone who might have had contact with Elser was hunted down and interrogated by the Gestapo.

The quarry owner Georg Vollmer and his employees were severely beaten during Gestapo interrogations. Sentenced to 20 years in Welzheim concentration camp for negligence in dealing with explosive materials, Vollmer was released in after his wife petitioned Rudolf Hess through old connections.

Losing her mind in fear her husband would be taken away again, she died six months after his release.

Prior to her death she started a rumor that a Zurich music dealer named Kuch, with a group of three Communists, had put Elser up to the assassination attempt.

Waldenmaier, the owner of the Waldenmaier armaments factory in Heidenheim, was more fortunate than Vollmer.

With the backing of the Abwehr in , he received the War Service Cross First Class for significant contributions to the war effort.

In , a Gestapo man had told him: "In spite of repeated torture, Elser had stuck to his story that he had carried out the attack in order to save the working people and the entire world from war.

The Munich locksmith Max Niederholer, who had unwittingly supplied Elser with metal parts, was bound and beaten and detained for two weeks by the Gestapo.

Being born in London did not help his case. Maria Schmauder's father was subjected to lengthy interrogation, particularly as Elser had admitted to listening to foreign radio stations in his house—even though that practice was not banned until 1 September Mathilde Niedermann was interrogated over several nights by the Gestapo in She maintained that Elser was "completely uninterested in politics", even though it was in Konstanz that he became friendly with Communists.

Almost sixty years later, Mathilde and Elser's son, Manfred Buhl, spoke at the dedication of the Georg-Elser-Platz in Munich in —the same year he died.

Elser's lover Elsa Härlen said Elser "led a double life and completely separated his political life from his private life".

Generally his family had difficulty coming to terms with his confession as the sole instigator. In , his mother continued to lay the blame on others saying: "I don't think my son would come up with anything like that on his own".

Elser never faced a trial for the bombing of the Bürgerbräukeller. After his year of torment at Berlin Gestapo Headquarters, he was kept in special custody in Sachsenhausen concentration camp between early and early Accommodated in three cells joined together, each 9.

Elser's apparent preferential treatment, which included extra rations and daily visits to the camp barber for a shave, aroused interest amongst other prisoners, including British SIS officer Payne Best.

He wrote later that Elser was also allowed regular visits to the camp brothel. Elser kept a photo of Elsa Härlen in his cell. In early , Elser was transferred to the bunker at Dachau concentration camp.

In April , with German defeat imminent, the Nazis' intention of staging a show trial over the Bürgerbräukeller bombing had become futile.

The order came into the possession of Captain S. The question of our prisoner in special protective custody, 'Eller', has also again been discussed at highest level.

The following directions have been issued: On the occasion of one of the next Terror Attacks on Munich, or, as the case may be, the neighbourhood of Dachau, it shall be pretended that 'Eller' suffered fatal injuries.

I request you therefore, when such an occasion arises to liquidate 'Eller' as discreetly as possible. Please take steps that only a few people, who must be specially pledged to silence, hear about this.

The notification to me regarding the execution of this order shall be something like: 'On The signature on the order was illegible, according to Best.

When the Gestapo men killed on their own account or on the direct orders of Himmler, they did not require such complicated instructions and Hitler's orders for the liquidation of unwanted persons were not usually phrased in so tactful a manner With his own end in sight Hitler suddenly recalled the existence of 'the Zither player'; and fearfully, as if possessed by a sudden and inexplicable shame, this murderer of millions attempted to conceal his execution of an assassin who had long since been forgotten by the world public.

On 9 April , four weeks before the end of the war in Europe, Georg Elser was shot dead and his fully dressed body immediately burned in the crematorium of Dachau Concentration Camp.

In , SS-Oberscharführer Theodor Bongartz, the man in charge of the crematorium at Dachau, was determined to have been the murderer of Georg Elser, during a German court proceeding in which SS-Unterscharführer Edgar Stiller was on trial as an accessory to murder.

As the SS man in charge of the special prisoners at Dachau from to , Stiller was accused of escorting Elser to the crematorium where he was allegedly shot by Bongartz.

A plaque dedicated to Elser's memory in Königsbronn says:. I wanted to prevent even greater bloodshed through my deed. In memory of Johann Georg Elser, who spent his youth in Königsbronn.

On November 8, , he tried to prevent the genocide by assassinating Adolf Hitler. Elser has been the subject of rumours and various conspiracy theories since the Bürgerbräukeller bombing.

After the war, Protestant pastor and theologian Martin Niemöller , also in custody in the "bunker" at Sachsenhausen, gave credence to the rumour that Elser had been a member of the SS and that the whole assassination attempt had been staged by the Nazis to portray Hitler as being protected by Providence.

Many others, like quarry owner Georg Vollmer, building on his dead wife's contribution, weighed in with their version of the truth.

Central Intelligence Agency summed up a range of conspiracy theories when he wrote:. On 8 November a bomb exploded in Bürgerbräukeller in Munich shortly after Hitler had given his annual speech on the anniversary of the beer hall putsch of and after he had left the building.

This event still remains unresolved. Some evidence suggests that the infernal machine was exploded with the knowledge of Hitler and Himmler in order to consolidate the German sense of community, or, as in the case of the Reichstag fire , to give rise to a new wave of terror.

I heard there were photographs showing a high-ranking SS officer standing next to Hitler with a watch in hand, to take care that the leaders escaped in time.

Others claim the attack was the work of communists acting independently and without the knowledge of other anti-Nazi groups.

A new report presents the plot as the attempted assassination of an illegal socialist group. In , historical research by Anton Hoch based on The Gestapo Protokoll interrogation report dated 19—23 November , found that Elser had acted alone and there was no evidence to involve the Nazi regime or any outside group in the assassination attempt.

In contrast to the conspirators of the 20 July assassination attempt on Hitler , Elser was barely acknowledged in the official commemorative culture of the Federal Republic of Germany until the s.

Haasis in [16] followed by an expanded and revised edition in Since , every two years the Georg-Elser Prize is awarded for courage, [17] and on the occasion of Elser's th Birthday in January , Deutsche Post issued a special stamp.

There are at least 60 streets and places named after Elser in Germany and several monuments. Johann Georg Elser, though, defied ideological categorization—and for that reason, he is a true German hero.

In , a music venue called Georg Elser Hallen was demolished in Munich. However, as of , there were five venues in Munich bearing the name Georg Elser Hallen.

The memorial, which cost , euros, was built on Hochhuth's initiative, after the city authorities dismissed the project as too expensive.

In the end, the Berlin state senate financed the Elser sculpture. A plaque in the pavement at the entrance to the GEMA Building marks the position of the pillar that concealed Elser's bomb.

November is the name of the Johann Georg Elser Memorial in Munich to commemorate the resistance fighters fighting against the Nazis.

The monument is located in the Maxvorstadt district. Media related to Georg Elser at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Johann Georg Elser. Georg Elser. Hermaringen , Württemberg , German Empire. Dachau concentration camp , Nazi Germany.

The Bürgerbräukeller after the bombing. Bürgerbräukeller , Munich. Assassinate Adolf Hitler Prevent destruction of Germany Prevent another world war and the deaths it would cause.

Hitler survives as he left 13 minutes before the explosion Elser is arrested and executed in Translated by William Odom.

Skyhorse Publishing Company, Incorporated. Vierteljahrheft für Zeitgeschichte. November Abgerufen am Den Hitler jag' ich in die Luf.

Der Attentäter Georg Elser. Eine Biographie. Retrieved 8 April Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on 28 February Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. It served with the Luftwaffe and Marineflieger and was used solely for recreational sport flying.

Some continue to fly in in private ownership. The Pützer Elster "Magpie" was developed from the Motorraab motor glider which had itself been developed from the Doppelraab glider.

The design shared the wing of the Doppelraab , braced by metal struts, but was given a new monocoque fuselage constructed of plywood with seats for two occupants arranged side by side.

The tricycle landing gear unusually featured a steerable nosewheel controlled by a hand grip. Production ceased in , by which time 45 examples had been built.

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft [3]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jane's All the World's Aircraft

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Powder, explosives, a battery and detonators filled the false bottom of his wooden suitcase. Other boxes contained his clothes, clock movements and the tools of his trade.

Elser arrived in Munich on 5 August Using his real name, he rented a room in the apartments of two unsuspecting couples, at first staying with the Baumanns and from 1 September, Alfons and Rosa Lehmann.

He soon became a regular at the Bürgerbräukeller restaurant for his evening meal. Over the next two months, Elser stayed all night inside the Bürgerbräukeller 30 to 35 times.

Working on the gallery level and using a flashlight dimmed with a blue handkerchief, he started by installing a secret door in the timber panelling to a pillar behind the speaker's rostrum.

After removing the plaster behind the door, he hollowed out a chamber in the brickwork for his bomb. He then left via a rear door, often carrying a small suitcase filled with debris.

Security was relatively lax at the Bürgerbräukeller. Christian Weber , a veteran from the Beer Hall Putsch and the Munich city councillor, was responsible.

While he worked at night in the Bürgerbräukeller, Elser built his device during the day. He purchased extra parts, including sound insulation, from local hardware stores and became friends with the local master woodworker, Brög, who allowed him use of his workshop.

On the nights of 1—2 November, Elser installed the explosives in the pillar. To celebrate the completion of his work, Elser recalled later, "I left by the back road and went to the Isartorplatz where at the kiosk I drank two cups of coffee.

Leaving them his tool boxes and baggage, he returned to Munich the next day for a final check. The next morning he departed Munich by train for Friedrichshafen via Ulm.

Hitler was welcomed to the platform by Christian Weber. Unknown to Elser, Hitler had initially cancelled his speech at the Bürgerbräukeller to devote his attention to planning the imminent war with France, but changed his mind and attended after all.

As fog was forecast, possibly preventing him from flying back to Berlin the next morning, Hitler decided to return to Berlin the same night by his private train.

By that time, Hitler and his entourage had left the Bürgerbräukeller. The bomb brought down part of the ceiling and roof and caused the gallery and an external wall to collapse, leaving a mountain of rubble.

About people were still in the hall at the time. Seven were killed. Another sixty-three were injured, sixteen seriously, with one dying later.

Hitler did not learn of the attempt on his life until later that night on a stop in Nuremberg.

When told of the bombing by Goebbels, Hitler responded, "A man has to be lucky. My leaving the Bürgerbräu earlier than usual is proof to me that Providence wants me to reach my goal.

Two days later, at the same location, an official ceremony for the victims of the Bürgerbräukeller bombing took place. Hitler returned from Berlin to stand before seven flag-draped coffins as Rudolf Hess addressed the SA guard, the onlookers, and listeners to Grossdeutsche Rundfunk "Greater German Radio".

In his half-hour oration, Hess was not short on hyperbole:. At this time the German people take their sad leave of the victims of a gruesome crime, a crime almost unparalleled in history The perpetrators of this crime have succeeded in teaching the German people to hate After " Der gute Kamerad " was played, Hitler placed a wreath of chrysanthemums on each coffin, then stepped back to lift his arm in the Nazi salute.

The very slow playing of " Deutschland über alles " ended the solemn ceremony. When taken to the border control post and asked to empty his pockets he was found to be carrying wire cutters, numerous notes and sketches pertaining to explosive devices, firing pins and a blank colour postcard of the interior of the Bürgerbräukeller.

The next day, Elser was transferred by car to Munich Gestapo Headquarters. Himmler did this, but also assigned total control of the investigation to the chief of the Gestapo, Heinrich Müller.

Müller immediately ordered the arrest of all Bürgerbräukeller personnel, while Nebe ran the onsite investigation, sifting through the debris.

Nebe had early success, finding the remains of brass plates bearing patent numbers of a clock maker in Schwenningen , Baden-Würtemberg.

Despite the clear evidence of the German make, Himmler released to the press that the metal parts pointed to "foreign origin".

Himmler offered a reward of , marks for information leading to the capture of the culprits, and the Gestapo was soon deluged with hundreds of suspects.

When one suspect was reported to have detonator parts in his pockets, Otto Rappold of the counter-espionage arm of the Gestapo sped to Königsbronn and neighbouring towns.

Every family member and possible acquaintance of Elser was rounded up for interrogation. At the Schmauder residence in Schnaitheim, year-old Maria Schmauder told of her family's recent boarder who was working on an "invention", had a false bottom in his suitcase, and worked at the Vollmer quarry.

On 9 November, as only one of many suspects being held at Munich Gestapo Headquarters, Elser did not attract much attention for a few days, but when face-to-face meetings took place with Bürgerbräukeller staff, waitress Maria Strobl identified Elser as the odd customer who never ordered more than one drink.

Later, on the basis of his Swabian accent, Elser was identified by a storekeeper as the man to whom he had sold a "sound proofing insulation plate" to deaden the sound of ticking clocks.

Huber had the idea of asking Elser to bare his knees. When he did, they were found to be badly bruised, the apparent result of working at low level during his night work at the Bürgerbräukeller.

Dr Albrecht Böhme, head of the Munich Kripo, was witness to a severe and prolonged beating of Elser, in which he said Himmler participated.

He later recalled: "But Elser, who was groaning and bleeding profusely from the mouth and nose, made no confession; he would probably not have been physically able to, even if he had wanted to.

His parents, siblings and their spouses, together with his former girlfriend Else Härlen, were taken by train to Berlin to be held in Moabit prison and then in the grand Hotel Kaiserhof.

His face was swollen and beaten black and blue. His eyes were bulging out of their sockets, and I was horrified by his appearance An officer placed himself behind Elser and, to make him talk, he kept striking him on the back or on the back of his head What he said was something like this: He had taken black powder from the Vollmer Company, and with this he had built a time bomb.

He had been induced to do this by foreign agents and had acted on their orders Härlen was left in no doubt that Elser was only repeating what his interrogators wanted him to say.

Apart from Maria Hirth and her husband, who were considered accomplices and imprisoned for over one year, the family members and Härlen were allowed to return home.

While in Berlin, Härlen received special attention, being interviewed by Heinrich Himmler, having an audience with Adolf Hitler, and being quizzed by Martin Bormann.

However, she did not help their cause, which was to find some fragment of evidence that Elser had not acted alone. While in Berlin, Elser made five full-size drawings of the design of his bomb in order to persuade his interrogators that he was the sole instigator of the assassination attempt.

These drawings are referred to in the Gestapo interrogation report, but have not survived. Five days of torture, 19—23 November, produced the Gestapo Protokoll interrogation report.

The document was signed off by Kappler, Schmidt and Seibold for the "Kriminalkommissare". The report did not mention the interrogation of Elser's family members and Elsa Härlen in Berlin, as the report contains only the answers Elser gave to his interrogators.

On the vital question that he was the sole instigator, Elser had this to say:. I also had the intention, and considered in detail, to write from Switzerland to the German police to explain that I was the sole culprit in the assassination, no accomplice or accomplices have I had.

I would have also sent along an accurate drawing of my apparatus and a description of the execution of the deed, so that one could verify my claim.

With such a message to the German police, I just wanted to ensure that under no circumstances would any innocent person be arrested in the search for perpetrators.

When Himmler read the final report, he flew into a rage and scrawled in green ink on the red cover: "What idiot wrote this? Discarding the interrogation report that found Elser solely responsible, Hitler proceeded to use the Bürgerbräukeller bombing for propaganda purposes.

On 22 November, German newspapers were filled with the story that the assassin, Georg Elser, had been funded by the British Intelligence Service, while the organiser of the crime was Otto Strasser.

He Hitler began to issue detailed directives on the handling of the case to Himmler, Heydrich, and me and gave releases to the press.

To my dismay, he became increasingly convinced that the attempt on his life had been the work of the British Intelligence, and that British SIS officers Best and Stevens, working together with Otto Strasser, were the real organizers of this crime Meanwhile a carpenter by the name of Elser had been arrested while trying to escape over the Swiss border.

The circumstantial evidence against him was very strong, and finally he confessed I thought it possible that the Black Front organization of Otto Strasser might have something to do with the matter and that the British Secret Service might also be involved.

But to connect Best and Stevens with the Beer Cellar attempt on Hitler's life seemed to me quite ridiculous.

Nevertheless that was exactly what was in Hitler's mind. He announced to the press that Elser and the officers of the British Secret Service would be tried together.

In high places there was talk of a great public trial, to be staged I tried to think of the best way to prevent this lunacy.

On 13 November, Swiss authorities had expelled Strasser from Switzerland, after he was found to have made disparaging remarks about Hitler in a foreign newspaper in October.

The basement cells of the Berlin Gestapo Headquarters were notorious for the inhumane treatment of prisoners. It was rumoured Elser was kept imprisoned on the top floor until January or February Arthur Nebe told Hans Gisevius of Elser's frayed state during this period.

Gisevius wrote later,. Elser was just a shell of his former self because they the Gestapo had tried to squeeze information out of him by feeding him very salty herring and exposing him to heat, and then depriving him of liquids They wanted him to confess to some kind of connection, however vague, to Otto Strasser.

The artisan remained steadfast. Walter Schellenberg wrote of a conversation with Heinrich Müller , who told him,.

So far I've always been able to break every one of these types that I've taken on. If this guy had been treated to my beatings earlier on, he never would have thought up this nonsense.

In a subsequent discussion, Hitler issued an order to Heydrich: 'I would like to know what kind of man this Elser is.

We must be able to classify him somehow. Report back to me on this. And furthermore, use all means to get this criminal to talk.

Have him hypnotized, give him drugs; make use of everything of this nature our scientists have tried. I want to know who the instigators are.

I want to know who is behind this. Three days later, Schellenberg heard from Müller that three doctors had worked on Elser for twenty-four hours, injecting him with "sizable quantities of Pervitin ", but he continued to say the same thing.

Four hypnotists were summoned. Only one could put Elser into a trance, but the prisoner stuck to the same story. The psychologist wrote in his report that Elser was a "fanatic" and had a pathological desire for recognition.

He concluded by saying pointedly: Elser had the "drive to achieve fame by eliminating Hitler and simultaneously liberating Germany from the 'evil of Hitler.

While at Berlin Gestapo Headquarters, Müller put Elser into a workshop and ordered him to reconstruct the explosive device he used at the Bürgerbräukeller.

When Reinhard Heydrich and Walter Schellenberg visited Elser in the workshop, Schellenberg noted, "He [Elser] responded to questioning only with reluctance but opened up when he was praised for his craftsmanship.

Then he would comment on his reconstructed model in detail and with great enthusiasm. Elser's reconstruction of his Bürgerbräukeller bomb was held in such high regard by the Gestapo, they adopted it into their field manuals for training purposes.

Twenty-one Jews were killed by firing squad and all Jews in the camp suffered three days of food deprivation.

The Gestapo descended on the village of Königsbronn to interrogate the inhabitants, asking the same questions over and over for months on end.

The village was stigmatized as a nest of criminals and became known as "Assassinville". Elsewhere, everyone who might have had contact with Elser was hunted down and interrogated by the Gestapo.

The quarry owner Georg Vollmer and his employees were severely beaten during Gestapo interrogations.

Sentenced to 20 years in Welzheim concentration camp for negligence in dealing with explosive materials, Vollmer was released in after his wife petitioned Rudolf Hess through old connections.

Losing her mind in fear her husband would be taken away again, she died six months after his release.

Prior to her death she started a rumor that a Zurich music dealer named Kuch, with a group of three Communists, had put Elser up to the assassination attempt.

Waldenmaier, the owner of the Waldenmaier armaments factory in Heidenheim, was more fortunate than Vollmer.

With the backing of the Abwehr in , he received the War Service Cross First Class for significant contributions to the war effort.

In , a Gestapo man had told him: "In spite of repeated torture, Elser had stuck to his story that he had carried out the attack in order to save the working people and the entire world from war.

The Munich locksmith Max Niederholer, who had unwittingly supplied Elser with metal parts, was bound and beaten and detained for two weeks by the Gestapo.

Being born in London did not help his case. Maria Schmauder's father was subjected to lengthy interrogation, particularly as Elser had admitted to listening to foreign radio stations in his house—even though that practice was not banned until 1 September Mathilde Niedermann was interrogated over several nights by the Gestapo in She maintained that Elser was "completely uninterested in politics", even though it was in Konstanz that he became friendly with Communists.

Almost sixty years later, Mathilde and Elser's son, Manfred Buhl, spoke at the dedication of the Georg-Elser-Platz in Munich in —the same year he died.

Elser's lover Elsa Härlen said Elser "led a double life and completely separated his political life from his private life".

Generally his family had difficulty coming to terms with his confession as the sole instigator.

In , his mother continued to lay the blame on others saying: "I don't think my son would come up with anything like that on his own". Elser never faced a trial for the bombing of the Bürgerbräukeller.

After his year of torment at Berlin Gestapo Headquarters, he was kept in special custody in Sachsenhausen concentration camp between early and early Accommodated in three cells joined together, each 9.

Elser's apparent preferential treatment, which included extra rations and daily visits to the camp barber for a shave, aroused interest amongst other prisoners, including British SIS officer Payne Best.

He wrote later that Elser was also allowed regular visits to the camp brothel. Elser kept a photo of Elsa Härlen in his cell.

In early , Elser was transferred to the bunker at Dachau concentration camp. In April , with German defeat imminent, the Nazis' intention of staging a show trial over the Bürgerbräukeller bombing had become futile.

The order came into the possession of Captain S. The question of our prisoner in special protective custody, 'Eller', has also again been discussed at highest level.

The following directions have been issued: On the occasion of one of the next Terror Attacks on Munich, or, as the case may be, the neighbourhood of Dachau, it shall be pretended that 'Eller' suffered fatal injuries.

I request you therefore, when such an occasion arises to liquidate 'Eller' as discreetly as possible.

Elster Englisch

2 Comments

  1. Taugar Magar

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  2. Taugami Faelabar

    die MaГџgebliche Mitteilung:), neugierig...

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